Sequence-based Methods in Human Microbial Ecology: A The 2nd HumanGenome Comes of Age

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Ecologists studying microbial life in the environment have recognized the enormous complexity of microbial diversity for more than a decade (Whitman et al. 1998). The development of a variety of culture-independent methods, many of them coupled with high-throughput DNA sequencing, has allowed this diversity to be explored in ever greater detail (Handelsman 2004; Harris et al. 2004; Hugenholtz et al. 1998; Moreira and Lopez-Garcia 2002; Rappe and Giovannoni 2003). Despite the widespread application of these new techniques to the characterization of uncultivated microbes and microbial communities in the environment, their application to human health and disease has lagged behind. Because ... continued below

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Weng, Li; Rubin, Edward M. & Bristow, James June 1, 2005.

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Ecologists studying microbial life in the environment have recognized the enormous complexity of microbial diversity for more than a decade (Whitman et al. 1998). The development of a variety of culture-independent methods, many of them coupled with high-throughput DNA sequencing, has allowed this diversity to be explored in ever greater detail (Handelsman 2004; Harris et al. 2004; Hugenholtz et al. 1998; Moreira and Lopez-Garcia 2002; Rappe and Giovannoni 2003). Despite the widespread application of these new techniques to the characterization of uncultivated microbes and microbial communities in the environment, their application to human health and disease has lagged behind. Because these techniques now allow not only cataloging of microbial diversity, but also insight into microbial functions, it is time for clinical microbiologists to apply these tools to the microbial communities that abound on and within us, in what has been aptly called ''the second Human Genome Project'' (Relman and Falkow 2001). In this review we will discuss the sequence-based methods for microbial analysis that are currently available and their application to identify novel human pathogens, improve diagnosis and treatment of known infectious diseases, and finally to advance understanding of our relationship with microbial communities that normally reside in and on the human body.

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  • Journal Name: Genome Research; Journal Volume: 16; Journal Issue: 3; Related Information: Journal Publication Date: 03/2006

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  • Report No.: LBNL--57716
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 886053
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc875642

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  • June 1, 2005

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  • Sept. 21, 2016, 2:29 a.m.

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  • Sept. 29, 2016, 7 p.m.

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Weng, Li; Rubin, Edward M. & Bristow, James. Sequence-based Methods in Human Microbial Ecology: A The 2nd HumanGenome Comes of Age, article, June 1, 2005; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc875642/: accessed October 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.