Commercial production of ethanol in the San Luis Valley, Colorado. Final Report Page: 100 of 222
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22.214.171.124 Air Pollution Control Division Permit
Any new or modified source of atmospheric pollution must be reviewed by
the Colorado Air Pollution Control Division (APCD), which determines whether a
waiver is appropriate or the applicant must receive a permit. The operator must bear
the costs for expert evaluation of emission levels. The authors of the Colorado Permit
Directory recommend that all energy and mineral developers meet with the APCD prior
to filing any permit applications to find out what requirements are applicable (Colorado
Joint Review Process Program, 1980). If a permit is required, the applicant may con-
struct and begin operations on the basis of the initial permit. The Division usually
issues the final permit within 30 days of start-up if the operator complies with all
permit conditions. Compliance includes taking periodic emission readings.
3.6.7 Water Quality
126.96.36.199 National Pollution Discharge Elimination System Permit
The Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972 (Pub. L.
No. 92-500) and the Clean Water Act of 1977 [ch. 758, tit. I, S 101, 86 Stat. 816 (codi-
fied in scattered sections of 33 U.S.C. (1976 and Supp. 1977))] were enacted to control
the discharge of pollution into U.S. waters. Because Colorado regulations which govern
point source discharges into state waters meet federal standards, the state administers
these federal laws. Where applicable, separate. permits, one for discharge into surface
waters, the other for discharge into subsurface waters, may be obtained by applying to
the state Water Quality Control Division (WQCD). The EPA reviews any application for
a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit to discharge into
surface waters. If the EPA denies an application for an NPDES permit, the applicant
may petition for review in a United States Court of Appeals (33 U.S.C. S 1369).
In some instances the WQCD waives compliance with pollution standards
for subsurface reinjections. The EPA currently exempts closed cycle geothermal rein-
jection operations from water pollution regulations, while the agency decides, after
observation, whether there is a danger of seepage and whether geothermal fluid should
be classified as hazardous.
188.8.131.52 Section 404 Dredge and Fill Permit
The Clean Water Act also provides the statutory basis for federal control
of wetlands and shoreline areas. Section 404 of the Act provides that the Army Corps
of Engineers, in accordance with guidelines developed by the EPA, may issue permits
for discharge of dredged or fill materials into waters of the United States.
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Hewlett, E.M.; Erickson, M.V.; Ferguson, C.D.; Sherwood, P.B.; Boswell, B.S.; Walter, K.M. et al. Commercial production of ethanol in the San Luis Valley, Colorado. Final Report, report, July 1, 1983; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc874948/m1/100/: accessed September 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.