Implementation of the United States/Russian HEU Agreement: Current Status and Prospects

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During Calendar Year (CY) 2002, the Russian Federation (R.F.) delivered low enriched uranium (LEU) from the conversion and processing of 30 metric tons (MT) of weapons-grade (90% {sup 235}U assay) uranium. Through July 2003, the Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) Transparency Implementation Program (TIP) will have monitored the conversion of over 190 MT HEU into LEU. This total represents about 38 percent of the projected 500 MT HEU scheduled to be blended down through the year 2013 and is equivalent to the destruction of 7,600 nuclear devices. The National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) HEU-TIP monitors the processing of this HEU at ... continued below

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Rutkowski, E. November 19, 2003.

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During Calendar Year (CY) 2002, the Russian Federation (R.F.) delivered low enriched uranium (LEU) from the conversion and processing of 30 metric tons (MT) of weapons-grade (90% {sup 235}U assay) uranium. Through July 2003, the Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) Transparency Implementation Program (TIP) will have monitored the conversion of over 190 MT HEU into LEU. This total represents about 38 percent of the projected 500 MT HEU scheduled to be blended down through the year 2013 and is equivalent to the destruction of 7,600 nuclear devices. The National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) HEU-TIP monitors the processing of this HEU at four Russian uranium-processing plants. During CY 2002, United States (U.S.) personnel monitored this process for a total of 194 monitor-weeks by staffing a Transparency Monitoring Office (TMO) located in Novouralsk, and through a series of five-day Special Monitoring Visits (SMV) to the four plants. U.S. monitor observations include the inventory of in-process containers, the observation of operations and non-destructive assay measurements (NDA) to determine {sup 235}U enrichment, as well as the examination and validation of Russian Material Control and Accountability (MC&A) documents. In addition, the U.S. designed Blend Down Monitoring System (BDMS) installed at the Ural Electrochemical Integrated Plant (UEIP) in January 1999 monitored all HEU blended at that facility, which is about 50 percent of the HEU blended into LEU during CY 2002. Recently we installed a BDMS at the Electrochemical Plant (ECP) in Zelenogorsk and plans are underway to install a BDMS at the Siberian Chemical Enterprise (SChE) in Seversk in late 2004. On a very positive note, interpersonal interactions between U.S. and Russian technical experts continues to expand and have proven to be an important element of the transparency regime. On the tenth anniversary of the HEU Purchase Agreement, the Ministry of the R.F. for Atomic Energy (Minatom) also saluted the successful implementation of the government-to-government program as ''an example of the effective realization of bilateral cooperation in real disarmament''. This paper describes the Program's monitoring efforts and achievements at the four Russian uranium processing plants, and will touch upon the issues of transparency and the natural uranium component activities.

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PDF-file: 8 pages; size: 0.1 Mbytes

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  • Presented at: INMM, Phoenix, AZ, United States, Jul 06 - Jul 06, 2003

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  • Report No.: UCRL-CONF-201181
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 891384
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc874278

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • November 19, 2003

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  • Sept. 21, 2016, 2:29 a.m.

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  • Oct. 6, 2016, 1:37 p.m.

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Rutkowski, E. Implementation of the United States/Russian HEU Agreement: Current Status and Prospects, article, November 19, 2003; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc874278/: accessed December 13, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.