Novel Imaging Techniques, Integrated with Mineralogical, Geochemical and Microbiological Characterization to Determine the Biogeochemical Controls....

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Aims and objectives Technetium-99 is a priority pollutant at numerous DOE sites, due to a combination of its long half life (2.1 x 105 years), high mobility as Tc(VII) (TcO4-; pertechnetate anion) in oxic waters, and bioavailability as a sulfate analog. Under anaerobic conditions, however, the radionuclide is far less mobile, forming insoluble Tc(IV) precipitates. As anaerobic microorganisms can reduce soluble Tc(VII) to insoluble Tc(IV), microbial metabolism may have the potential to treat sediments and waters contaminated with Tc. In previous studies we have focused on the fundamental mechanisms of Tc(VII) bioreduction and precipitation, and we have identified direct enzymatic ... continued below

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Lloyd, Jonathan R. June 1, 2004.

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Aims and objectives Technetium-99 is a priority pollutant at numerous DOE sites, due to a combination of its long half life (2.1 x 105 years), high mobility as Tc(VII) (TcO4-; pertechnetate anion) in oxic waters, and bioavailability as a sulfate analog. Under anaerobic conditions, however, the radionuclide is far less mobile, forming insoluble Tc(IV) precipitates. As anaerobic microorganisms can reduce soluble Tc(VII) to insoluble Tc(IV), microbial metabolism may have the potential to treat sediments and waters contaminated with Tc. In previous studies we have focused on the fundamental mechanisms of Tc(VII) bioreduction and precipitation, and we have identified direct enzymatic (hydrogenase-mediated) mechanisms, and a range of potentially important indirect transformations catalyzed by biogenic Fe(II), U(IV) or sulfide. These baseline studies have generally used pure cultures of metal-reducing bacteria, in order to develop conceptual models for the biogeochemical cycling of Tc. There is, however, comparatively little known about interactions of metal-reducing bacteria with environmentally relevant trace concentrations of Tc, against a more complex biogeochemical background provided by mixed microbial communities in the subsurface.

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  • Report No.: NABIR-1022748-2004
  • Grant Number: None
  • DOI: 10.2172/893690 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 893690
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc874225

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  • June 1, 2004

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  • Sept. 21, 2016, 2:29 a.m.

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  • Nov. 4, 2016, 3:20 p.m.

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Lloyd, Jonathan R. Novel Imaging Techniques, Integrated with Mineralogical, Geochemical and Microbiological Characterization to Determine the Biogeochemical Controls...., report, June 1, 2004; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc874225/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.