The Cotton Bollworm: An Account of the insect, With Results of Experiments in 1903 Page: 4
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Headquarters were established at Victoria, where office and other
facilities were available in the laboratory of the force engaged in
investigations relating to the cotton boll weevil. Such laboratory
investigations as were possible were conducted, but special attention
was given to field work, this being considered of more importance in
view of the many facts already known about the life and habits of the
bollworm. Through the cooperation of the agent charged with boll-
weevil investigations, arrangements were made for the growing of
cotton on the contract plan with planters at Calvert, Willspoint, and
Hetty, Tex., including in all 140 acres. The locations chosen are
fairly typical of the respective sections, and in two the bollworm had
been especially destructive the year previous.
INJURY IN 1903.
Aside from certain isolated localities here and there in the cotton
belt, bollworm injury during 1903 appears to have been confined
mostly to Texas and to the southern portion of Indian Territory.
The accompanying map (fig. 1), indicates the area most seriously
ravaged in Texas. Injury was especially severe in some of the north
Texas counties, as Fannin, Lamar, Delta, Hunt, Hopkins, Kaufman,
and Van Zandt; and also in the central Texas counties, Navarro, Hen-
derson, Limestone, Falls, Bell, and Robertson, the loss in each of these
counties being variously estimated at from 20 to 60 per cent of the crop.
It is hard to arrive at even an approximate estimate of the loss, owing
to the difficulty of securing trustworthy data. The tendency to exag-
gerate losses from insects is well known, as is also the tendency to
attribute to insect depredations the disastrous effects which may result
from changes in the weather or from other conditions. The shaded
portion of the map includes the principal cotton-producing area of the
State, from which, in 1902, came approximately three-fourths of the
total cotton product of Texas. Throughout this area bollworm rav-
ages were reported as more or less extensive in 1903. A conservative
estimate of the injury, based on data secured from various sources
and from personal observations, it is believed would be approximately
90,000 bales, which, at a valuation of $50 per bale, would mean a loss
of $4,500,000. If to this amount be added the value of the cotton
seed the total loss sustained would easily exceed $5,000,000.
According to the estimate of Professor Mally, bollworm injury in
Texas in 1902 amounted to approximately $4,750,000, and the area
most seriously ravaged coincides rather closely with that injured in
1903. It may also be said that the shaded portion of the map marks
approximately the area of greatest corn production, and the simple
rotation of corn with cotton, so largely practiced, has undoubtedly
contributed to the seriousness of the bollworm situation at the present
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Quaintance, A. L. (Altus Lacy), 1870-1958. The Cotton Bollworm: An Account of the insect, With Results of Experiments in 1903, pamphlet, 1904; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc87406/m1/4/: accessed October 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.