The Cotton Bollworm: An Account of the insect, With Results of Experiments in 1903 Page: 3
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THE COTTON BOLLWORM.
The so-called bollworm, the larva of the moth Heliothis armiger
Hbn., has long been known as an important enemy of cotton. As early
as 1841 it was found in the cotton fields around Tallahassee, Fla.,
where, in the course of a few years, it became quite destructive. It
was seriously injurious to cotton in Alabama in 1847, in Mississippi in
1850, and in Louisiana in 1867. By 1879 it had become the principal
insect enemy of cotton in Texas, and at the present time ranks second
in importance only to the Mexican cotton boll weevil.
This insect was early the subject of investigation by the General
Government. In the Patent Office Agricultural Report for 1854,
Townend Glover gave an excellent article on the bollworm, detailing
the principal points in its natural history. The results of the work of
the Division of Entomology and of the United States Entomological
Commission on this insect from about 1878 to 1881 are displayed in Comn-
stock's Report on Cotton Insects, and in the Fourth Report of the
United States Entomological Commission by Professor Riley. A sup-
plementary investigation of the bollworm was made by Professor
Mally, under the direction of the Division of Entomology, in the early
nineties, and the results are set forth in Bulletins 24 and 29 (old series),
issued in 1891 and 1893 respectively. More recently (1897) an account
of this species has been distributed in Farmers' Bulletin No. 47 (Insects
Affecting the Cotton Plant), by Dr. L. O. Howard.
As a result of these several publications a knowledge of the boll-
worm's life and habits, and of the best methods to be employed in its
control, has been quite widely disseminated. Nevertheless, little if
any effort has been made by planters during the many years of bollworm
injury to check its ravages, and, along with the increased cultivation
of cotton from year to year, often to the exclusion of any other crop,
the losses from this insect have tended to increase rather than to
The considerable injury done by the bollworm during the past two
or three years, notably in certain portions of Texas, led to provision
by Congress for a further investigation of this insect by the Division
of Entomology, and the writer was detailed to the work in Texas.
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Quaintance, A. L. (Altus Lacy), 1870-1958. The Cotton Bollworm: An Account of the insect, With Results of Experiments in 1903, pamphlet, 1904; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc87406/m1/3/: accessed January 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.