OPTIMIZATION OF EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS BY INCORPORATING NIF FACILITY IMPACTS

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For experimental campaigns on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) to be successful, they must obtain useful data without causing unacceptable impact on the facility. Of particular concern is excessive damage to optics and diagnostic components. There are 192 fused silica main debris shields (MDS) exposed to the potentially hostile target chamber environment on each shot. Damage in these optics results either from the interaction of laser light with contamination and pre-existing imperfections on the optic surface or from the impact of shrapnel fragments. Mitigation of this second damage source is possible by identifying shrapnel sources and shielding optics from them. ... continued below

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Eder, D. C.; Whitman, P. K.; Koniges, A. E.; Anderson, R. W.; Wang, P.; Gunney, B. T. et al. August 31, 2005.

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For experimental campaigns on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) to be successful, they must obtain useful data without causing unacceptable impact on the facility. Of particular concern is excessive damage to optics and diagnostic components. There are 192 fused silica main debris shields (MDS) exposed to the potentially hostile target chamber environment on each shot. Damage in these optics results either from the interaction of laser light with contamination and pre-existing imperfections on the optic surface or from the impact of shrapnel fragments. Mitigation of this second damage source is possible by identifying shrapnel sources and shielding optics from them. It was recently demonstrated that the addition of 1.1-mm thick borosilicate disposable debris shields (DDS) block the majority of debris and shrapnel fragments from reaching the relatively expensive MDS's. However, DDS's cannot stop large, faster moving fragments. We have experimentally demonstrated one shrapnel mitigation technique showing that it is possible to direct fast moving fragments by changing the source orientation, in this case a Ta pinhole array. Another mitigation method is to change the source material to one that produces smaller fragments. Simulations and validating experiments are necessary to determine which fragments can penetrate or break 1-3 mm thick DDS's. Three-dimensional modeling of complex target-diagnostic configurations is necessary to predict the size, velocity, and spatial distribution of shrapnel fragments. The tools we are developing will be used to set the allowed level of debris and shrapnel generation for all NIF experimental campaigns.

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PDF-file: 7 pages; size: 7 Mbytes

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  • Presented at: 2005 Fourth International Conference on Interial Fusion Science and Applications, Biarritz, France, Sep 04 - Sep 09, 2005

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  • Report No.: UCRL-CONF-215030
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 883543
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc873803

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  • August 31, 2005

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  • Sept. 21, 2016, 2:29 a.m.

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  • July 13, 2017, 3:36 p.m.

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Eder, D. C.; Whitman, P. K.; Koniges, A. E.; Anderson, R. W.; Wang, P.; Gunney, B. T. et al. OPTIMIZATION OF EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS BY INCORPORATING NIF FACILITY IMPACTS, article, August 31, 2005; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc873803/: accessed October 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.