Very Large-Scale Deployment of Grid-Connected Solar Photovoltaics in the United States: Challenges and Opportunities; Preprint Metadata

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  • Main Title Very Large-Scale Deployment of Grid-Connected Solar Photovoltaics in the United States: Challenges and Opportunities; Preprint


  • Author: Denholm, P.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Margolis, R.
    Creator Type: Personal


  • Sponsor: United States. Department of Energy.
    Contributor Type: Organization


  • Name: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (U.S.)
    Place of Publication: Golden, Colorado
    Additional Info: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO.


  • Creation: 2006-04-01


  • English


  • Content Description: This paper analyzes the potential for solar photovoltaics (PV) to be deployed on a very large scale and provide a large fraction of a system's electricity. It explicitly examines how the hourly availability of PV interacts with the limited flexibility of traditional electricity generation plants. The authors found that, under high penetration levels and existing grid-operation procedures and rules, the system will have excess PV generation during certain periods of the year. This excess PV generation results in increased costs, which can increase dramatically when PV provides on the order of 10%-15% of total electricity demand in systems that are heavily dependent on inflexible baseload steam plants. Measures to increase penetration of PV are also discussed, including increased system flexibility, increased dispatchable load, and energy storage.
  • Physical Description: 8 p.


  • STI Subject Categories: 54 Environmental Sciences
  • Keyword: Ases
  • Keyword: Deployment
  • Keyword: Pv System
  • Keyword: Solar 2006
  • Keyword: Homer
  • Keyword: Grid-Connected Pv
  • Keyword: American Solar Energy Society
  • Keyword: Steam Solar Photovoltaics
  • STI Subject Categories: 14 Solar Energy
  • Keyword: Large-Scale Pv
  • STI Subject Categories: 24 Power Transmission And Distribution
  • Keyword: Solar 2006
  • Keyword: Flexibility
  • Keyword: Availability
  • Keyword: Pv
  • Keyword: Pv Generation
  • Keyword: Energy Analysis
  • Keyword: Solar Pv
  • Keyword: Electricity
  • Keyword: Solar Photovoltaics
  • Keyword: Energy Storage
  • Keyword: Carbon Emissions


  • Conference: To be presented at Solar 2006, 8-13 July 2006, Denver, Colorado


  • Name: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports
    Code: OSTI


  • Name: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
    Code: UNTGD

Resource Type

  • Article


  • Text


  • Report No.: NREL/CP-620-39683
  • Grant Number: AC36-99-GO10337
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 881919
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc873413