Bioethical Biobanks: Three Concerns in Designing and Using Law Enforcement DNA Identification Databases

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Federal and state law enforcement authorities have amassed large collections of DNA samples and the identifying profiles derived from them. These databases help to identify the guilty and to exonerate the innocent, but as the databanks grow, so do fears about civil liberties. The research reported here discusses three legal and social policy issues that have been raised in regard to these biobanks—the choice of loci to type for identifying individuals, the indefinite retention of DNA samples, and the use of the DNA samples or the identifying profiles for research purposes. It also considers the possible value of the databases ... continued below

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Kaye, D.H. October 19, 2006.

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Description

Federal and state law enforcement authorities have amassed large collections of DNA samples and the identifying profiles derived from them. These databases help to identify the guilty and to exonerate the innocent, but as the databanks grow, so do fears about civil liberties. The research reported here discusses three legal and social policy issues that have been raised in regard to these biobanks—the choice of loci to type for identifying individuals, the indefinite retention of DNA samples, and the use of the DNA samples or the identifying profiles for research purposes. It also considers the possible value of the databases for research into the genetics of human behavior and the ethics of using them for this purpose. It rejects the broad claim that such research is inherently unethical but proposes procedures for ensuring that the value of the proposed research justifies any psychosocial or other risks to the subjects of the research.

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  • Report No.: 893638
  • Grant Number: FG02-04ER63712
  • DOI: 10.2172/893638 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 893638
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc873346

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  • October 19, 2006

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  • Sept. 21, 2016, 2:29 a.m.

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Kaye, D.H. Bioethical Biobanks: Three Concerns in Designing and Using Law Enforcement DNA Identification Databases, report, October 19, 2006; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc873346/: accessed August 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.