Positron lifetime measurements as a non-destructive technique to monitor fatigue damage

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In the fatigue cycling of initially hard copper, self consistent positron lifetime and x-ray particle size measurements followed the softening process and revealed a new feature which may be the final development of microvoids before fracture. In the cyclic fatigue of initially soft 4340 steel closely spaced concurrent measurements of these parameters are now in progress. For initially hard 4340 steel fatigue softening was revealed with a large positron lifetime decrease. In hydrogen embrittlement studies positron lifetime was found to be sensitive to hydrogen in an interesting way, i.e., if a specimen is already at its maximum defect density, hydrogen ... continued below

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Pages: 35

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Byrne, J.G. September 1, 1975.

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Description

In the fatigue cycling of initially hard copper, self consistent positron lifetime and x-ray particle size measurements followed the softening process and revealed a new feature which may be the final development of microvoids before fracture. In the cyclic fatigue of initially soft 4340 steel closely spaced concurrent measurements of these parameters are now in progress. For initially hard 4340 steel fatigue softening was revealed with a large positron lifetime decrease. In hydrogen embrittlement studies positron lifetime was found to be sensitive to hydrogen in an interesting way, i.e., if a specimen is already at its maximum defect density, hydrogen is trapped at some of the defects, reduce their attraction for positrons and hence cause a decrease in positron lifetime; conversely in a soft specimen, hydrogen generates more dislocation length than it can trap at (thus cancelling) hence a positron lifetime increase occurs. In electron irradiated and annealed single crystal copper 4 annealing peaks were seen at 125, 270, 400, and 650$sup 0$K. A clear correlation between decreasing positron lifetime and increasing percent porosity in $alpha$ alumina was established. This behavior is quite the opposite to that in metals. (auth)

Physical Description

Pages: 35

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Dep. NTIS

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  • Other Information: Orig. Receipt Date: 30-JUN-76

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  • Report No.: COO--2128-11
  • Report No.: UTEC--75-130
  • Grant Number: E(11-1)-2128
  • DOI: 10.2172/4142050 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 4142050
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc871657

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

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  • September 1, 1975

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  • Sept. 16, 2016, 12:32 a.m.

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Byrne, J.G. Positron lifetime measurements as a non-destructive technique to monitor fatigue damage, report, September 1, 1975; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc871657/: accessed October 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.