BETA RADIATION PROCESSING AT RIGOROUS CONDITIONS

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An investigation was conducted on the impossible use of beta radiation to promote chemical reactions at high temperatures and pressures. The advantages of beta sources over other radiation sources are enumerated. A radiation processing apparatus is described which allows operations to 10,000 psi and 500 deg C and uses 90 C of Sr/sup 90/-Y/sup 90/. The dosimetry of the source was accomplished with an iodineheptane system, and the mean dose rate within the chemical reactor was determined to be 0.98 x 10/sup 6/ rad/hr. The radiation utilization efficiency in the dosimetry measurements was determined to be 34.7%. Results of runs ... continued below

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12 p.

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Yavorsky, P M & Gorin, E November 15, 1963.

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Description

An investigation was conducted on the impossible use of beta radiation to promote chemical reactions at high temperatures and pressures. The advantages of beta sources over other radiation sources are enumerated. A radiation processing apparatus is described which allows operations to 10,000 psi and 500 deg C and uses 90 C of Sr/sup 90/-Y/sup 90/. The dosimetry of the source was accomplished with an iodineheptane system, and the mean dose rate within the chemical reactor was determined to be 0.98 x 10/sup 6/ rad/hr. The radiation utilization efficiency in the dosimetry measurements was determined to be 34.7%. Results of runs on hydrogenation of coal extract indicate that radiation does not increase the extent of hydrogenation, but that radiation reduces the content of hetero atoms N and S in the 100 x 400 deg C boiling oil products. The use of beta radiation in the hydrorefining of oils is suggested. (D.L.C.)

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12 p.

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  • American Nuclear Society 1963 Winter Meeting, New York, NY, November 18 – 21, 1963

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  • Report No.: CONF-187-77
  • Grant Number: AT(30-1)-2978
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 4084418
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc869609

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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Creation Date

  • November 15, 1963

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 16, 2016, 12:32 a.m.

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  • Oct. 11, 2017, 3:24 p.m.

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Yavorsky, P M & Gorin, E. BETA RADIATION PROCESSING AT RIGOROUS CONDITIONS, article, November 15, 1963; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc869609/: accessed December 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.