Tuberculosis and the Asian Population of Tarrant County, Texas

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The research in this paper examines the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) among foreign-born Asians living in Tarrant County, Texas.

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15 p.

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McCallister, Jessica & Oppong, Joseph R. April 2, 2009.

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This paper is part of the collection entitled: The Eagle Feather and was provided by the UNT Honors College to the UNT Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 369 times. More information about this paper can be viewed below.

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The research in this paper examines the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) among foreign-born Asians living in Tarrant County, Texas.

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15 p.

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Abstract: According to the Centers for Disease Prevention and Control (CDC), TB in native-born Americans is steadily decreasing, while remaining constant for the foreign-born. In 2007, the TB rate among the foreign-born was 9.7 times that of U.S.-born, but among Asians it was 22.9 times the rate among Whites (CDC 2008 September). Data for this study were taken from a tuberculosis screening program conducted in Tarrant County from 1993 to 2006. Using Geographic Information System and statistical analysis, the study explores the relative contribution of traditional epidemiological factors including crowdedness, poverty, and less common factors such as self-reported incarceration, drug use, and other risky behaviors. The results indicate that although Asians make up 4.2% of the population, they account for 18% of TB cases. Surprisingly, however, Asians with TB are less likely to participate in the traditional high-risk behaviors that are normally associated with tuberculosis, including drug use (X2 = 57.426, p = .000), alcoholism (X2 = 39.776, p = .000), homelessness (X2 = 37.029, p = .000), and previous incarceration (X2 = 27.359, p = .000). Traditional programs targeting such high-risk populations may exclude Asians and thus threaten the progress toward TB elimination in the United States (CDC 2008 September). Targeted programs are needed to control TB in the Asian community to facilitate the elimination of TB in the United States.

Sixth Annual University Scholars Day, 2009, Denton, Texas, United States.

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  • Eagle Feather, Issue 6, University of North Texas Honors College: Denton, Texas. 2009

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  • Publication Title: The Eagle Feather
  • Volume: 6
  • Issue: 2009
  • Peer Reviewed: Yes

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The Eagle Feather

Launched in 2004 by UNT's Honors College, The Eagle Feather was an interdisciplinary undergraduate research journal that promoted the work of students and their faculty mentors. The Eagle Feather was published annually until 2017 when it transitioned into the North Texas Journal of Undergraduate Research.

UNT Undergraduate Student Works

This collection presents scholarly and artistic content created by undergraduate students. All materials have been previously accepted by a professional organization or approved by a faculty mentor. Most classroom assignments are not eligible for inclusion. The collection includes, but is not limited to Honors College theses, thesis supplemental files, professional presentations, articles, and posters. Some items in this collection are restricted to use by the UNT community.

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Tuberculosis and the Asian Population of Tarrant County, Texas (Presentation)

Tuberculosis and the Asian Population of Tarrant County, Texas

Presentation for the 2009 University Scholars Day at the University of North Texas discussing tuberculosis (TB) among foreign-born Asians living in Tarrant County, Texas.

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Tuberculosis and the Asian Population of Tarrant County, Texas, ark:/67531/metadc86890

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  • April 2, 2009

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 2, 2012, 10:15 p.m.

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  • April 14, 2020, 5:08 p.m.

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McCallister, Jessica & Oppong, Joseph R. Tuberculosis and the Asian Population of Tarrant County, Texas, paper, April 2, 2009; [Denton, Texas]. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc86942/: accessed May 28, 2024), University of North Texas Libraries, UNT Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Honors College.

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