THE EMANATION OF RADON 220 FROM SINTERED UO$sub 2$ POWDERS AND PLATES

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The emanation of thoron (Rn/sup 220/) from sintered UO/sub 2/ powders and plates was measured as a function of temperature. The uranium oxide samples were indexed with radiothorium by coprecipitation and coevaporation techniques. The emanation measurements were performed in a flow system, using an alpha scintillation detector and a helium-hydrogen carrier gas mixture. Both the radiothorium concentration (5 to 100 mu C/g UO/sub 2/) and the uranium oxide density (71 to 99 percent TD) were varied. The surface areas and densities of the UO/sub 2/ plates were measured by krypton gas adsorption and liquid immersion techniques, respectively. Assuming a diffusion ... continued below

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Pages: 29

Creation Information

Clayton, J.C. & Aronson, S. October 1, 1963.

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Description

The emanation of thoron (Rn/sup 220/) from sintered UO/sub 2/ powders and plates was measured as a function of temperature. The uranium oxide samples were indexed with radiothorium by coprecipitation and coevaporation techniques. The emanation measurements were performed in a flow system, using an alpha scintillation detector and a helium-hydrogen carrier gas mixture. Both the radiothorium concentration (5 to 100 mu C/g UO/sub 2/) and the uranium oxide density (71 to 99 percent TD) were varied. The surface areas and densities of the UO/sub 2/ plates were measured by krypton gas adsorption and liquid immersion techniques, respectively. Assuming a diffusion mechanism, diffusion coefficients for thoron in sintered UO/sub 2/ were calculated as a function of temperature. The data were represented by an equation of the form, D = D/sub O/ exp (-Q/RT). An apparent increase in both activation energy (Q) and D/sub O/ with density was observed for the 1100 to 1450 deg C temperature range. For some samples the thoron emanating power could be measured at temperatures as low as 400 deg C. Log D versus 1/T plots from 400 to 1450 deg C gave intersecttng straight lines with different activation energies. One intersection occurred near the Tammann temperature. The emanation of Rn/sup 220/ from UO/sub 2/ apparently involves several types of diffusion processes. (auth)

Physical Description

Pages: 29

Source

  • Other Information: Orig. Receipt Date: 31-DEC-64

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  • Report No.: WAPD-276
  • Grant Number: AT-11-1-GEN-14
  • DOI: 10.2172/4126097 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 4126097
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc867510

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  • October 1, 1963

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  • Sept. 16, 2016, 12:32 a.m.

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  • Nov. 23, 2016, 6:15 p.m.

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Clayton, J.C. & Aronson, S. THE EMANATION OF RADON 220 FROM SINTERED UO$sub 2$ POWDERS AND PLATES, report, October 1, 1963; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc867510/: accessed August 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.