THORIUM BREEDER REACTOR EVALUATION. PART I. FUEL YIELD AND FUEL CYCLE COSTS IN FIVE THERMAL BREEDERS. APPENDICES

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The performances of aqueous-homogeneous (AHBR), molten-salt (MSBR), liquid-bismuth (LBBR), gas-cooled graphite-moderated (GCBR), and deuterium- moderated gascooled (DGBR) breeder reactors were evaluated in respect to fuel yield, fuel cycle costs, and development status. A net electrical plant capability of 1000 Mwe was selected with continuous processing of fuel and fertile streams. The maximum annual fuel yields were 16, 7, 4, 4, and 4.5%/yr, respectively at a fuel cycle cost of 1.5 mills/kwhr. The minimum estimated fuel cycle costs were 0.9, 0.6, 1.0, 1.2, and 1.3 mills/kwhr at fuel yields of 7, 1, 1, 2, and 3%/yr. At a fuel yield of ... continued below

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Alexander, L.G.; Carter, W.L.; Chapman, R.H.; Kinyon, B.W.; Miller, J.W. & Van Winkle, R. May 24, 1961.

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The performances of aqueous-homogeneous (AHBR), molten-salt (MSBR), liquid-bismuth (LBBR), gas-cooled graphite-moderated (GCBR), and deuterium- moderated gascooled (DGBR) breeder reactors were evaluated in respect to fuel yield, fuel cycle costs, and development status. A net electrical plant capability of 1000 Mwe was selected with continuous processing of fuel and fertile streams. The maximum annual fuel yields were 16, 7, 4, 4, and 4.5%/yr, respectively at a fuel cycle cost of 1.5 mills/kwhr. The minimum estimated fuel cycle costs were 0.9, 0.6, 1.0, 1.2, and 1.3 mills/kwhr at fuel yields of 7, 1, 1, 2, and 3%/yr. At a fuel yield of 4%/yr, the costs were 0.9, 0.9, 1.5, 1.5, and 1.3 mills/kwhr. Only the AHBR and the MSBR are capable of achieving fuel yields substantially in excess of 4%/yr, and therefore only these two can be listed with confidence as being able to satisfy the mdin criterion of the AEC long-range thorium breeder program i.e., a doubling time of 25 years or less. The development effort required to bring the various concepts to the stage where a prototype station could be designed was estimated to be least for the AHBR, somewhat more for the MSBR, and several times as much for the other systems. The AHBR was judged to rank first in regard to nuclear capability, fuel cycle potential, and status of development. (auth)

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  • Other Information: Orig. Receipt Date: 31-DEC-61

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  • Report No.: CF-61-3-9(App.)
  • Grant Number: None
  • DOI: 10.2172/4038779 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 4038779
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc865706

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  • May 24, 1961

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  • Sept. 16, 2016, 12:32 a.m.

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  • Nov. 3, 2016, 6:22 p.m.

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Alexander, L.G.; Carter, W.L.; Chapman, R.H.; Kinyon, B.W.; Miller, J.W. & Van Winkle, R. THORIUM BREEDER REACTOR EVALUATION. PART I. FUEL YIELD AND FUEL CYCLE COSTS IN FIVE THERMAL BREEDERS. APPENDICES, report, May 24, 1961; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc865706/: accessed September 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.