ORGANIC COOLANT RESEARCH SUMMARY REPORT, JULY 1, 1960-MARCH 31, 1963

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: : 7 : ; : = : : 9 ; 8 : ; / he use of organic liquids as reactor moderator-coolants is presented. A major part of the study was devoted to the mechanism of radiolytic damage to coolants. A mathematical treatment for handling information on the relative reactivity of different positions on an aromatic ring was developed in some detail. Determinations on products from the radiolysis of terphenyls, biphenyl, and mixtures of these with benzene indicate that free radicals may be the main reactive species generated but that others are present. Comparison of the data with reactions ... continued below

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Pages: 72

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Hillyer, J.C. October 1, 1963.

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: : 7 : ; : = : : 9 ; 8 : ; / he use of organic liquids as reactor moderator-coolants is presented. A major part of the study was devoted to the mechanism of radiolytic damage to coolants. A mathematical treatment for handling information on the relative reactivity of different positions on an aromatic ring was developed in some detail. Determinations on products from the radiolysis of terphenyls, biphenyl, and mixtures of these with benzene indicate that free radicals may be the main reactive species generated but that others are present. Comparison of the data with reactions of chemically or photochemically generated free radicals shows that the radiolysis is not random, especially at 300 deg C, but that meta radicals are more frequently formed. Attack by the active species on another molecule is favored in the para position and repressed at the ortho position compared to the meta. The distribution of isomers found indicates that H/sub 2/ abstraction by the free radicals and isomerization reactions do not occur to an appreciable extent. New analytical methods were developed. Chromatography on a solid salt column using LiCl proved to be a very satisfactory method for quaterphenyls and most hexaphenyls. Elution peak shifts between LiCl, CsCl, and CaCl/sub 2/ columns were correlated with structure, and made possible separation and identification of certain isomers not possible on a single column. For the calibration of the columns and position identification, authentic samples of all the quaterphenyls, several quinquephenyls, and 13 hexaphenyls were obtained or synthesized by unequivocal methods. Several of these were obtained in fairly large quantity and five were new compounds. Using these known materials, important correlations were developed in the fine structure of the infrared spectra which, together with the elution peak shifting between salt columns, made possible identification of many additional isomers for which calibration samples were not available. 9,10-Dihydrophenanthrene was found to give only 17% as much polymer as terphenyl under irradiation. It appeared to function as a H/sub 2/ donor and was the most promising of this type of new coolant. A concept of self-healing'' coolants was developed, which offers an attractive field for further research. A survey of candidate stabilizers revealed that radiolysis of terphenyl could be reduced 15 to 25% by addition of 3 mole% of compounds either containing divalent S or compounds having the anthracene ring system but with the central ring containing N, S, O, or Se atoms at one or both positions. An even more effective and much cheaper stabilizer was elemental S, which was most effective at 0. 7 mole %. Apparatus was devised in which the deposition of film from contaminated coolant under electron irradiation and pyrolytic conditions could be studied, including circulating loops in which cells simulating fuel element coolant channel geometry and other types could be used. In these tests with spent reactor coolant containing high-boiling polymer and inorganic particulate matter it was found as the Fe concentration increased the amount of film increased linearly if sufficient organic polymer was present for a binder. The relationship of binder concentration to film deposited varied with the device used. Film thickness increased exponentially with surface temperature and was inversely proportional to coolant velocity in a non-corroding (stainless steel) system. There was evidence of a positive effect of beta current on film deposition. A H/sub 2/ blanket did not reduce the amount of film deposited, but there was less reduction in heat transfer due to reduction of the oxide in the film to metal. In corrodible mild steel systems, film deposition appears to be proceeding also by another mechanism in which mass transport of Fe in solution from the external system and deposition accompanied by a phase change is the route followed. Characteristic films were deposited from coolant containing Fe chelated with oxygenated organic compounds similar to those which might result

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Pages: 72

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  • Other Information: Orig. Receipt Date: 31-DEC-64

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  • Report No.: IDO-16911
  • Grant Number: AT(10-1)-1080
  • DOI: 10.2172/4084541 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 4084541
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc865266

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  • October 1, 1963

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  • Sept. 16, 2016, 12:32 a.m.

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Hillyer, J.C. ORGANIC COOLANT RESEARCH SUMMARY REPORT, JULY 1, 1960-MARCH 31, 1963, report, October 1, 1963; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc865266/: accessed September 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.