The roles of stress, self-distraction and behavioral disengagement: Perceived stigma in HIV-positive individuals

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Paper on denial, daily hassles, and health distress in HIV positive individuals. The authors' findings are important from a therapeutic perspective, and suggest that experiencing hassles and choosing to use denial as a coping strategy are associated with more health distress.

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15 p.

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Gomez, Brooke; Chng, Chwee-Lye & Vosvick, Mark A. April 14, 2011.

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This paper is part of the collection entitled: UNT Scholarly Works and was provided by UNT Honors College to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 393 times . More information about this paper can be viewed below.

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  • Main Title: The roles of stress, self-distraction and behavioral disengagement: Perceived stigma in HIV-positive individuals
  • Alternate Title: Denial, Daily Hassles, and Health Distress in HIV Positive Individuals
  • Series Title: University Scholars Day

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Description

Paper on denial, daily hassles, and health distress in HIV positive individuals. The authors' findings are important from a therapeutic perspective, and suggest that experiencing hassles and choosing to use denial as a coping strategy are associated with more health distress.

Physical Description

15 p.

Notes

Abstract: Health distress is associated with lower QOL in people living with HIV/AIDS (Rustøen, 2010) and is correlated with anxiety, depression, and general emotional distress (Rotheram-Borus, 2000). Therefore, factors that influence health distress are critical to identify. The authors hypothesize that as denial (a maladaptive form of coping) increases and hassles increases, health distress increase. The authors' study was approved by the IRB and participants were provided informed consent. The authors collected data from 287 HIV+ adults (female 48.6%; age M=41.7, SD=8.4: 54.2% African Americans, 29.5% European Americans, and 11.1% of Latino(a)). The authors conducted a regression analysis to examine the relationship between their independent variables, daily hassles intensity (±= .97; from the Daily Hassles Scale; Kanner, Coyne, Schaefer, & Lazaurs, 1980) and denial coping (±= .89; From the Brief Cope Scale; Carver, 1997) with their dependent variable, health distress (±= .94; From MOS-HIV Scale; Wu, 1996). The authors' analysis revealed daily hassles (2= -.20, t= -6.18, p < .001), denial coping (2= .44, t= -7.18, p < .001), and African American ethnicity (2= -.20, t= -2.17, p < .05) were significant predictors of health distress in the authors' model (F(9,224) = 27.96, adj. r2 = .25, p < .001). The authors' findings are important from a therapeutic perspective, and suggest that experiencing hassles and choosing to use denial as a coping strategy are associated with more health distress.

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  • Eighth Annual University Scholars Day, 2011, Denton, Texas, United States

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UNT Scholarly Works

Materials from the UNT community's research, creative, and scholarly activities and UNT's Open Access Repository. Access to some items in this collection may be restricted.

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Denial, Daily Hassles, and Health Distress in HIV Positive Individuals (Presentation)

Denial, Daily Hassles, and Health Distress in HIV Positive Individuals

Presentation for the 2011 University Scholars Day at the University of North Texas discussing research on denial, daily hassles, and distress in HIV positive individuals.

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Denial, Daily Hassles, and Health Distress in HIV Positive Individuals, ark:/67531/metadc93295

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Creation Date

  • April 14, 2011

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 8, 2012, 10:10 a.m.

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  • Nov. 21, 2017, 9:09 p.m.

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Gomez, Brooke; Chng, Chwee-Lye & Vosvick, Mark A. The roles of stress, self-distraction and behavioral disengagement: Perceived stigma in HIV-positive individuals, paper, April 14, 2011; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc86164/: accessed October 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Honors College.