El Teatro Dominicano: Instrumento Político y voz de una Identidad Page: I
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Curiel, Sandra Y. El teatro dominicano: instrumento politico y voz de una identidad.
Master of Arts (Spanish), May 2016, 77 pp., references, 53 titles.
Throughout the history of the Dominican Republic, theater has played an instrumental
role in the cultural life its people, one which transcends purely artistic and cultural dimensions,
extending its influence into the political and social fabric of the nation. In spite of Spanish
colonization and later Haitian occupation, a nascent national identity began forming early on.
The staging of certain plays exposed latent conflicts and revealed sectorial, class interests.
Theater provided a means of expression for popular sentiments, thus revealing an urge by the
people to manifest their concerns, usually under the heavy weight of censorship. This thesis
focuses on key moments of the first 140 years of Dominican theater. It is organized into three
chapters: "Historical Antecedents," "Theater of the Dictatorship," and "Theater of the Post-
Dictatorship." The first chapter deals with the struggle for independence through 1844, the next
focuses on the theatrical plays and political climate of bloody Rafael Le6nidas Trujillo
dictatorship which spanned from 1930 to his assassination in 1961, and the third presents the
theater that appeared in the subsequent years of the equally repressive Joaquin Balaguer
presidencies (1966-1978 and 1986-1996). The analysis of these key historical moments, in
conjunction with the dramaturgy of playwrights such as Franklyn Rodriguez, Marcio Veloz
Maggiolo, and H6ctor Inchiustegui Cabral, maps the function of theater as a tool of raising
awareness, transmitting ideologies, and unifying a nation, in spite of despotism and oppression
often disguised as democracy. As such, it documents the role that theatre played during a nation-
building process that stages the history of political repression, lack of freedom of expression as
well as social and political injustice.
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Curiel, Sandra Y. El Teatro Dominicano: Instrumento Político y voz de una Identidad, thesis, May 2016; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc849781/m1/2/: accessed April 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .