Impact of Fuel Metal Impurities on the Durability of a Light-Duty Diesel Aftertreatment System

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Alkali and alkaline earth metal impurities found in diesel fuels are potential poisons for diesel exhaust catalysts. A set of diesel engine production exhaust systems was aged to 150,000 miles. These exhaust systems included a diesel oxidation catalyst, selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalyst, and diesel particulate filter (DPF). Four separate exhaust systems were aged, each with a different fuel: ultralow sulfur diesel containing no measureable metals, B20 (a common biodiesel blend) containing sodium, B20 containing potassium, and B20 containing calcium, which were selected to simulate the maximum allowable levels in B100 according to ASTM D6751. Analysis included Federal Test Procedure ... continued below

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14 p.

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Williams, A.; Burton, J.; McCormick, R. L.; Toops, T.; Wereszczak, A. A.; Fox, E. E. et al. April 1, 2013.

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Alkali and alkaline earth metal impurities found in diesel fuels are potential poisons for diesel exhaust catalysts. A set of diesel engine production exhaust systems was aged to 150,000 miles. These exhaust systems included a diesel oxidation catalyst, selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalyst, and diesel particulate filter (DPF). Four separate exhaust systems were aged, each with a different fuel: ultralow sulfur diesel containing no measureable metals, B20 (a common biodiesel blend) containing sodium, B20 containing potassium, and B20 containing calcium, which were selected to simulate the maximum allowable levels in B100 according to ASTM D6751. Analysis included Federal Test Procedure emissions testing, bench-flow reactor testing of catalyst cores, electron probe microanalysis (EPMA), and measurement of thermo-mechanical properties of the DPFs. EPMA imaging found that the sodium and potassium penetrated into the washcoat, while calcium remained on the surface. Bench-flow reactor experiments were used to measure the standard nitrogen oxide (NOx) conversion, ammonia storage, and ammonia oxidation for each of the aged SCR catalysts. Vehicle emissions tests were conducted with each of the aged catalyst systems using a chassis dynamometer. The vehicle successfully passed the 0.2 gram/mile NOx emission standard with each of the four aged exhaust systems.

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14 p.

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  • Presented at the SAE 2013 World Congress and Exhibition, 16-18 April 2013, Detroit, Michigan; Related Information: Posted with permission

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  • Report No.: NREL/CP-5400-57585
  • Grant Number: AC36-08GO28308
  • DOI: 10.4271/2013-01-0513 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1079095
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc846838

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  • April 1, 2013

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  • May 19, 2016, 9:45 a.m.

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  • April 3, 2017, 8:11 p.m.

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Williams, A.; Burton, J.; McCormick, R. L.; Toops, T.; Wereszczak, A. A.; Fox, E. E. et al. Impact of Fuel Metal Impurities on the Durability of a Light-Duty Diesel Aftertreatment System, article, April 1, 2013; Golden, Colorado. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc846838/: accessed August 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.