Electromagnetic polarizabilities: Lattice QCD in background fields

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Chiral perturbation theory makes definitive predictions for the extrinsic behavior of hadrons in external electric and magnetic fields. Near the chiral limit, the electric and magnetic polarizabilities of pions, kaons, and nucleons are determined in terms of a few well-known parameters. In this limit, hadrons become quantum mechanically diffuse as polarizabilities scale with the inverse square-root of the quark mass. In some cases, however, such predictions from chiral perturbation theory have not compared well with experimental data. Ultimately we must turn to first principles numerical simulations of QCD to determine properties of hadrons, and confront the predictions of chiral perturbation ... continued below

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165-167

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W. Detmold, B.C. Tiburzi, A. Walker-Loud April 1, 2012.

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Chiral perturbation theory makes definitive predictions for the extrinsic behavior of hadrons in external electric and magnetic fields. Near the chiral limit, the electric and magnetic polarizabilities of pions, kaons, and nucleons are determined in terms of a few well-known parameters. In this limit, hadrons become quantum mechanically diffuse as polarizabilities scale with the inverse square-root of the quark mass. In some cases, however, such predictions from chiral perturbation theory have not compared well with experimental data. Ultimately we must turn to first principles numerical simulations of QCD to determine properties of hadrons, and confront the predictions of chiral perturbation theory. To address the electromagnetic polarizabilities, we utilize the background field technique. Restricting our attention to calculations in background electric fields, we demonstrate new techniques to determine electric polarizabilities and baryon magnetic moments for both charged and neutral states. As we can study the quark mass dependence of observables with lattice QCD, the lattice will provide a crucial test of our understanding of low-energy QCD, which will be timely in light of ongoing experiments, such as at COMPASS and HI gamma S.

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165-167

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  • Journal Name: AIP Conf. Proc.; Journal Volume: 1441; Conference: PANIC 11, 24-29 July 2011, Cambridge, MA

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  • Report No.: JLAB-THY-11-1455
  • Report No.: DOE/OR/23177-2082
  • Report No.: arXiv:1108.1698
  • Grant Number: AC05-06OR23177
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3700501 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1038757
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc846224

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  • April 1, 2012

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  • May 19, 2016, 3:16 p.m.

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  • Aug. 3, 2016, 3:15 p.m.

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W. Detmold, B.C. Tiburzi, A. Walker-Loud. Electromagnetic polarizabilities: Lattice QCD in background fields, article, April 1, 2012; Newport News, Virginia. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc846224/: accessed June 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.