Density functional theory study of mercury adsorption on metal surfaces

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Density functional theory #1;DFT#2; calculations are used to characterize the interaction of mercury with copper, nickel, palladium, platinum, silver, and gold surfaces. Mercury binds relatively strongly to all the metal surfaces studied, with binding energies up to #3;1 eV for Pt and Pd. DFT calculations underestimate the energy of adsorption with respect to available experimental data. Plane-wave DFT results using the local density approximation and the Perdew-Wang 1991 and Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof parametrizations of the generalized gradient approximation indicate that binding of mercury at hollow sites is preferred over binding at top or bridge sites. The interaction with mercury in order of ... continued below

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1-13

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Steckel, J.A. January 1, 2008.

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Density functional theory #1;DFT#2; calculations are used to characterize the interaction of mercury with copper, nickel, palladium, platinum, silver, and gold surfaces. Mercury binds relatively strongly to all the metal surfaces studied, with binding energies up to #3;1 eV for Pt and Pd. DFT calculations underestimate the energy of adsorption with respect to available experimental data. Plane-wave DFT results using the local density approximation and the Perdew-Wang 1991 and Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof parametrizations of the generalized gradient approximation indicate that binding of mercury at hollow sites is preferred over binding at top or bridge sites. The interaction with mercury in order of increasing reactivity over the six metals studied is Ag #1;Au#1;Cu#1;Ni#1;Pt#1;Pd. Binding is stronger on the #1;001#2; faces of the metal surfaces, where mercury is situated in fourfold hollow sites as opposed to the threefold hollow sites on #1;111#2; faces. In general, mercury adsorption leads to decreases in the work function; adsorbate-induced work function changes are particularly dramatic on Pt.

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  • Journal Name: The American Physical Society

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  • Report No.: NETL-TPR2215
  • Grant Number: None
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1010974
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc845704

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • January 1, 2008

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  • May 19, 2016, 3:16 p.m.

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  • Sept. 22, 2017, 6:28 p.m.

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Steckel, J.A. Density functional theory study of mercury adsorption on metal surfaces, article, January 1, 2008; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc845704/: accessed June 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.