The role of hydrogen in room-temperature ferromagnetism at graphite surfaces

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We present a x-ray dichroism study of graphite surfaces that addresses the origin and magnitude of ferromagnetism in metal-free carbon. We find that, in addition to carbon {pi} states, also hydrogen-mediated electronic states exhibit a net spin polarization with significant magnetic remanence at room temperature. The observed magnetism is restricted to the top {approx}10 nm of the irradiated sample where the average magnetization reaches {approx_equal} 15 emu/g at room temperature. We prove that the ferromagnetism found in metal-free untreated graphite is intrinsic and has a similar origin as the one found in proton bombarded graphite. Also, our findings show that ... continued below

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123012

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Ohldag, H.; Esquinazi, P.; Arenholz, E.; Spemann, D.; Rothermel, M.; Setzer, A. et al. May 1, 2010.

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We present a x-ray dichroism study of graphite surfaces that addresses the origin and magnitude of ferromagnetism in metal-free carbon. We find that, in addition to carbon {pi} states, also hydrogen-mediated electronic states exhibit a net spin polarization with significant magnetic remanence at room temperature. The observed magnetism is restricted to the top {approx}10 nm of the irradiated sample where the average magnetization reaches {approx_equal} 15 emu/g at room temperature. We prove that the ferromagnetism found in metal-free untreated graphite is intrinsic and has a similar origin as the one found in proton bombarded graphite. Also, our findings show that the magnetic properties of graphite surfaces, thin films or two dimensional graphene samples can be reliably studied using soft x-ray dichroism. Fundamental new insight into the magnetic properties of carbon based systems can thus be obtained.

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123012

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  • Journal Name: New Journal of Physics; Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 12

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  • Report No.: LBNL-4125E
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/12/12/123012 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1003819
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc844991

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

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  • May 1, 2010

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • May 19, 2016, 3:16 p.m.

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  • July 28, 2016, 2:17 p.m.

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Ohldag, H.; Esquinazi, P.; Arenholz, E.; Spemann, D.; Rothermel, M.; Setzer, A. et al. The role of hydrogen in room-temperature ferromagnetism at graphite surfaces, article, May 1, 2010; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc844991/: accessed October 15, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.