Experimental techniques for measuring Rayleigh-Taylor instability in inertial confinement fusion (ICF)

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Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) instability is one of the major concerns in inertial confinement fusion (ICF) because it amplifies target modulations in both acceleration and deceleration phases of implosion, which leads to shell disruption and performance degradation of imploding targets. This article reviews experimental results of the RT growth experiments performed on OMEGA laser system, where targets were driven directly with laser light. RT instability was studied in the linear and nonlinear regimes. The experiments were performed in acceleration phase, using planar and spherical targets, and in deceleration phase of spherical implosions, using spherical shells. Initial target modulations consisted of 2-D pre-imposed ... continued below

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Smalyuk, V A June 7, 2012.

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Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) instability is one of the major concerns in inertial confinement fusion (ICF) because it amplifies target modulations in both acceleration and deceleration phases of implosion, which leads to shell disruption and performance degradation of imploding targets. This article reviews experimental results of the RT growth experiments performed on OMEGA laser system, where targets were driven directly with laser light. RT instability was studied in the linear and nonlinear regimes. The experiments were performed in acceleration phase, using planar and spherical targets, and in deceleration phase of spherical implosions, using spherical shells. Initial target modulations consisted of 2-D pre-imposed modulations, and 2-D and 3-D modulations imprinted on targets by the non-uniformities in laser drive. In planar geometry, the nonlinear regime was studied using 3-D modulations with broadband spectra near nonlinear saturation levels. In acceleration-phase, the measured modulation Fourier spectra and nonlinear growth velocities are in good agreement with those predicted by Haan's model [Haan S W 1989 Phys. Rev. A 39 5812]. In a real-space analysis, the bubble merger was quantified by a self-similar evolution of bubble size distributions [Oron D et al 2001 Phys. Plasmas 8, 2883]. The 3-D, inner-surface modulations were measured to grow throughout the deceleration phase of spherical implosions. RT growth rates are very sensitive to the drive conditions, therefore they can be used to test and validate drive physics in hydrodynamic codes used to design ICF implosions. Measured growth rates of pre-imposed 2-D target modulations below nonlinear saturation levels were used to validate non-local thermal electron transport model in laser-driven experiments.

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PDF-file: 38 pages; size: 1.1 Mbytes

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  • Presented at: Turbulent Mixing and Beyond 2011, Trieste, Italy, Aug 21 - Aug 28, 2011

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  • Report No.: LLNL-PROC-561298
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1044236
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc843900

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  • June 7, 2012

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  • May 19, 2016, 9:45 a.m.

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  • Dec. 5, 2016, 3:31 p.m.

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Smalyuk, V A. Experimental techniques for measuring Rayleigh-Taylor instability in inertial confinement fusion (ICF), article, June 7, 2012; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc843900/: accessed September 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.