Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 85
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As is the case for most of Guatemala, San Lucas undergoes two
major weather changes annually: summer, which is characterized by
dry conditions, and winter, which is characterized by significant
amounts of rainfall (i.e. the rainy season). Summer includes the
months of November to April with high temperatures reaching nearly
280C and low temperatures around 11C. Winter, including the months
of May through October, has highs of 250C and lows generally bout
130C. Rainfall during the summer rarely exceeds 182.7 millimeters
total, whereas in winter, total precipitation levels can reach more
than 548.1 mm (Anuario Estadistico 1977). During the rainy season,
the rains tend to come in the afternoon.
San Lucas Toliman has a population which has been described as
ethnically pluralistic (Nash 1966; Colby and van den Berghe 1969),
in that there are two major ethnic groups: Indians and Ladinos.
Table 2 presents the ethnic breakdown of the population of San Lucas
Toliman, as well as its makeup geopolitically and according to sex.
From the latest census data available (1973), there were approximately
8,362 inhabitants of San Lucas, with Indians comprising about 87 per-
cent and Ladinos, 13 percent. Whereas Indians are almost evenly repre-
sented in both the urban and rural areas, the vast majority of Ladinos,
over 80 percent, live in the urban center of San Lucas. As an inter-
esting note, Woods (1968) states that as of 1950 about 27 percent of
thie Ladino population we'e not native born, whereas only 6 percent of
the Indian population were born elsewhere,
The basic diet of both the Indian and the Ladino of San Lucas
Toliman, as is the case in all of Guatemala, includes primarily black
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/98/: accessed October 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.