Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 83
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more recently, the introduction of "black bass," a very aggressive
predator which fed out the native species of fish, the fishing industry
has all but disappeared (Farrell 1977; Woods 1968). The production cf
coffee and tourism have supplanted fishing as the major commercial
activity. Subsistence agriculture based on corn and beans remains
important as a major occupation for most of the people residing along
the shores of the lake, as is the case in most of Guatemala.
Lake Atitlan, aside from being a very popular tourist attraction,
is the "crossroad" or point at which the Guatemalan highlands join the
Pacific south coast. A great deal of the migratory labor for com-
mercial agriculture on the Pacific south coast is funneled through
this area. San Lucas Toliman, itself, is only one kilometer from
the departmental highway which connects the coast and the highlands
and, as such, is a primary migration stop for people working on the
fincas, or plantations located in the Pacific lowlands.
Historically, little is known about San Lucas Toliman prior to
1930, at which time the town's records were destroyed in a fire
(Farrell 1977). However, Lothrop (1933) noted that there are archaeo-
logical remains which can fe associated with the town. Farrell (1977)
suggests, on the basis of what little historical data there is, certain
Linguistic features (Tax 1937; McBryde 1947) and some ethnographic
data, that San Lucas was probably a sparsely populated "outpost" of
Santiago Atitlan, a present-day neighboring Tzutuhil speaking commun-
However, more important in San Lucas Toliman's history with
respect to present-day conditions was the introduction of coffee
during the mid-nineteentn century, and later, in 1884, as a result of
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/96/: accessed May 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.