Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 79
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The National Health and Nutritional State
As of 1973, the average life expectancy of a Ladino male in
Guatemala was 61 years and for a Ladino female, 60 years, whereas for
an Indian male it was 45 years and for an Indian female, 44 years.
The mortality rate of all Guatemalans generally runs around 1.4 percent,
with an infant mortality rate of approximately 4.63 percent and neonatal
rate of 0.95. The principal causes of death include: 1) acute respira-
tory infections (e.g. tuberculosis); 2) diarrheal syndrome, perinatal
mortality, intestinal parasitism, acute deficiency diseases (particu-
larly vitamin A), infections of the respiratory apparatus, cancer,
senility and whooping cough (thL last four being especially prevalent
in Guatemala City); and, 3) general malnutrition (this being particu-
larly true in the rural areas).
With respect more specifically to nutrition and nutritional
status in Guatemala, as of 1973 the total population under the age of
five years was 986,222. Estimates of chronic nutritional status with
respect to this population are: 1) nutritionally well, 18.6 percent
(183,437), 2) mild malnutrition, 49 percent (483,249), 3) moderate,
26.5 percent (261,349), and 4) severe, 5.9 percent (58,187). INCAP
(1971) conducted nutritional surveys throughout Guatemala and found
the basic diet to be sufficient in calories, iron, calcium and vitimin
C. However, nutritional problems generally include: 1) protein
deficiency, 2) vitamin A deficiency, 3) riboflavin deficiency, and
,) nutritional anemias. After INCAP's 1971 study, vitamin A was
introduced into the Guatemaian diet by commercially supplementing it
in sugar. It has been suggested that most of these nutritional and
health problems could be prevented with proper diets, more adequate
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/92/: accessed February 25, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.