Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 77
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More specifically with respect to the overall economic system,
Dombrowski et al. (1970), Adams (1970) and others point out that
regionally Guatemala exhibits provincial separation and this separa-
tion is characteristic of the sociocultural, religious and political
systems as well. Also, this division appears to be even more firmly
rooted at the local level. As Carmack (1970; 1980) and Fox (1978)
note in the Western Highlands, every village and its rural hinterland,
has economic specialties which might include certain handicrafts such
as weaving, crops such as wheat, or labor. Furthermore, information
from the Popol Vuh suggests that this "specialized community produc-
tion" was probably instituted long before the Conquest and these
regionally produced goods or functions were used to support a larger
urban system, even in pre-colonial times. From these urban centers,
goods and services were redistributed back to other communities
(Carmack 1980). Presently, for example, the primary good produced
in Patzite, El Quiche, is pottery, whereas in Chimente, Totonicapan,
it is furniture 'Rodeheaver and Rodeheaver 1980). As a result, there
is considerable exchange which takes place between the various communi-
ties and, in this case, Santa Cruz del Quiche (the provincial capitol
of El Quiche) serves as the meeting ground for trade and intera._ion
between these different communities,
There is a trend throughout much of Latin Ameria, including
Guatemala, for the primate city and the associated formal economy to
develop at the expense of the other urban centers and the rural
hinterlands. In a historical context, Portes and Walton (1976: 21)
summarize this rural-urban relationship:
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/90/: accessed January 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.