Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 76
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sector. However, the real emphasis in the literature on dual economies
is concentrated on the informal economic sector, since it is the people
who participate in this sector that are the focus of these studies.
For Asia, Geertz (1963) terms these "informal" activities, part of the
"bazaar" economy, as being characterized by: 1) a large number of
small, independent entrepeneurs, 2) extremely competitive, 3) intensive-
labor oriented, 4) minimal risk, 5) tertiary location, and 6) lack of
capital accumulation. Murphy (1979) used income and the presence of
fringe benefits, such as health insurance, to define the different
economic sectors. Generally, though, the informal sector is analogous
with "traditional" economic activities or systems, and is usually used
to refer to indigenous economic activities. However, it is clear that
in the urban context, particularly in Guatemala, the informal sector
is not dominated by these traditional activities, but utilizes modern
technology. Roberts found that in Huehuetenango, Guatemala, only
about 10 percent of the labor force employed in the urban informal
sector were involved in what can be classified as "traditional" acti-
It is perhaps more descriptive to say that Guatemala has three
economic sectors: 1) the formal sector, being limited almost exclusive-
ly to the primary and secondary urban centers, 2) the informal sector,
located throughout the country generally including such activities
as shoeshining, transportation, etc., and 3) the traditional sector,
being bound particularly to domestic consumption-production for house-
hold use, usually limited to the rural hinterlands.
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/89/: accessed December 15, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.