Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 63

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CARE programs at the local level vary greatly from place to place,
although program directives are the same. The success or failure of
any given program is generally due to a lack of consistent supervision,
as well as motivation on the part of local officials and health person-
nel. Also, all of the problems noted above are further compounded by
the lack of "official" support by the Ministry of Health and other
government agencies in Guatemala. The support gi'-en by the Ministry was
only nominal.
As a final note, there were reports of black marketing and profi-
teering of the foods provided via PL-480 in some specific areas. For
most of Guatemala, however, this was not the case. These activities
instead, tended to be very localized.
Summarv
The purpose of this chapter was to examine the socioeconomic and
political consequences of food aid in light of the hunger issue.
Hunger is a serious global problem and one that seems to correlate
significantly with the world's exponential population growth. However,
as Hopkins and Puchala (1978, 1980) point out, population growth is
not so much a factor as is unequal distribution of food resources and
supplies. Two solutions to hunger, especially in the underdevleoped
world, are usually proposed: the long-term solution is to initiate
a "self-reliant/self-sufficient" agricultural development strategy
which insures some sort of equitable distribution of resources and
supplies. The short-term solution is food aid.
Since food aid and its consequences are the primary interests of
this chapter, several criticisms of this form of assistance were

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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/76/ocr/: accessed February 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.