Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 60
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of education by local food aid administrators as to the place of these
supplemental foods in a correct diet.
In conclusion, the criticisms leveled at food aid (programs) in
general and, specifically, at PL-480, are numerous and wide-ranging in
that they point out its social, economic and political nature. To
date, the tendency is to examine the political and economic nature of
food assistance instead of its nutritional consequences. Also, as
hypotheses, most of these criticisms have yet to be tested in some
scientific and systematic manner. Many are made on ideological grounds
which lead critics to selectively collect evidence and to interpret it
in such a way as to bolster their argument. The above description was
designed to outline and order some of the very complex and diverse
criticisms made of food distribution programs. Many of the criticisms
discussed obviously overlap. By reviewing them, a background is pro-
vided against which the specific research to be discussed below can be
An Ethnography of a Food Aid Program
An ethnographical account of an ongoing food aid program will be
helpful in providing insight into the way food aid programs such as
those examined in this study are carried out. Therefore, the following
brief description of a food program which is conducted in the Health
Post in Patzite, El Quiche, Guatemala under the auspices of CARE, a
private international voluntary organization, and the Ministry of Public
Health of Guatemala is offered. The food used in this program is do-
nated by the United States government under Title II of the revised
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/73/: accessed February 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.