Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 56
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least three ways: first, by the conditions attached to the aid;
second, by the aid being tied to purchases (of food) from the donor
country; and, third, through the creation of markets in recipient
countries. Also, according to the GAO report, food aid creates a
chronic dependency on the donor country for supply, since it lowers
agricultural prices and therefore, creates a disincentive to agri-
cultural production in recipient nations.
This criticism has pointed out some serious potential consequences
of food aid in recipient countries. As Destler (1978) argues, there
is an external dependency (primarily political) created between the
developed and underdeveloped nations as the result of this exchange
of food aid. It should be noted here that there is another level of
dependency which should be considered: regional and/or individual
dependency which includes local or individual dependency on food aid
as a food source. Ethnographic evidence, however, shows that by the
time food aid reaches the individual it is usually in insufficient
amounts to create a local dependency (Rodeheaver and Rodeheaver 1980).
(Of course, when there are no other food resources, a dependency
situation is present.) Also, food provided is often unacceptable,
given local dietary habits. In most cases of food programs at the
household level, the foods received from food donations are used as
a supplement to other food sources.
Food Aid Mismanagement
The mismanagement of food aid presents a very serious problem,
especially with respect to emergency relief, when organized and
effective coordination of foreign assistance is vital. In Glantz's
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/69/: accessed March 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.