Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 48
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products and technology can be sold on credit at very low interest
rates and at subsidized prices. Between two-thirds and three-fourths
of all of the assistance provided under PL-480 falls under this title.
For example, 1.9 billion dollars of aid was budgeted for Title I in
Title II denotes food and agricultural commodities to private vol-
unteer organizations such as CARE and Catholic Relief Services (CRS)
in order to deal with chronic hunger (C.Q.A. L966). it also provides
assistance for emergency relief. This title incorporates the original
Titles II and III, and in 1966 was supported by appropLiations of
600 million dollars. Ultimately, according to some (Steiner and
Marouser 1967), this 1966 revision of the Food For Peace Act was a
movement, at least in part, toward dealing with the issue of hunger
and agricultural development,more so than the original version.
A majority of food aid provided under Food For Peace (primarily
under Title I) has gone to support the national security of the United
States in the form of indirect military aid. For instance, the Nixon-
Ford administration earmarked almost half of the aid available under
Title I in the 1975 budget to South Vietnam and Cambodia, with the ex-
pressed purpose of generating capital four military expenditures. This
aid purportedly generated some $6 billion through resale in the re-
cipient country. In reaction to public pressure, Congress passed an
amended bill in 1975 which required "that 80 percent of all P.L. 480
commodities must go to countries with per capita incomes of less than
$250" (Lappe and Collins 1977: 341). Also, in its more direct concern
with hunger, Congress raised the ceiling of Title II from $600 million
to $750 million, with a guaranteed minimum of one million tons of food.
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/61/: accessed September 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.