Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 46
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U. S. government budget, food aid represents a considerable proportion
of the agricultural appropriations. In 1977, for instance, 14 percent
of the entire agricultural budget was earmarked for PL-480 food aid
programs. The magnitude of this act alone implies significant social,
economic and political impact of food aid on the world system and
hunger. Therefore, in order to further examine these consequences, a
review of the official U. S. food aid program and its criticisms will
provide some valuable insight.
Food For Peace (PL-480)
Since World War I, the United States has maintained at least an
incipient food assistance program which was originally designed to aid
the reconstruction process in Europe, with its gcals being primarily
humanitarian in nature. However, in 1947, the Marshall Plan was ini-
tiated in response to Soviet expansionism after World War II, signifi-
cantly setting precedent and determining the direction of all foreign
assistance from then until the present time.
In 1954, after ar. agricultural boom in the United States, Public
Law 480 legislation was enacted in order to deal primarily with agri-
cultural surplus disposal (Congressional Quarterly Almanac 1954). PL-
480 legislation was passed by the 83rd Congress on June 30, 1954 and
signed by President Eisenhower on July 10, 1954 under the title of
Public Law 480, the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act
of 1954. The aims specified in the bill are: "to improve the foreign
relations of the United States, to facilitate the convertibility of
currency, and to promote the economic stability of American agri-
culture and the national welfare" (C.Q.A. 1954: 120). The forerunner
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/59/: accessed January 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.