Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 44
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shape, or even prevent the development of this self-reliance in many
countries. At best, most underdeveloped nations might respond with a
strategy that employs a more realistic "appropriate" agricultural
technology which can be locally manufactured and is ecologically sensi-
tive and which is designed to deal with social and economic problems.
Furthermore, this strategy might require complete restructuring of
the national land tenure systems. Unfortunately, in most underdeveloped
countries the concern for the hungry does not extend to the point of
considering significant change or modification in the social, economic
and political system.
It should be noted that the arguments discussed here have been
somewhat over-simplified since they are not the issues of most concern
in this study. :Iowever, they do provide important background infor-
mation and set the stage for a discussion of the second, and most
important, alternative to the hunger issue--food aid.
The Solution: Food Aid
Food aid has been considered a viable tool in dealing with the
food and hunger issue since the early part of this century, particular-
ly as a short-term solution (M. Wallerstein 1980). In pointing to
the moral issue of hunger, private voluntary and religious organiza-
tions as well as governmental policy makers strongly feel that, hunger
being a global issue (of justice), it is "the responsibility of ...
the agriculturally affluent nation(s) to assist in meeting the food
needs of the world's poorer nations" (Brown and Shue 1977: i).
One particular religious (and political) organization, BFW, re-
cently stated in one of its publications that there are at least three
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/57/: accessed February 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.