Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 43
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only negative effect generated by the Green Revolution. This type of
agricultural revolution has historically resulted in uneven regional
development within nations, aided in rural-to-urban migration because
of capital as opposed to labor-intensive investment, driven prices
of agricultural commodities up because it is capital-intensive, and
has had severe ecological ramifications in the upsetting of local eco-
systems, for example, through residual pesticides.
The redistribution argument, as previously mentioned, states that
the problem is not so much one of agricultural productivity, but
rather inequitable food distribution. Most argue redistribution at
the national level, but as Christenson (1978: 8) points out:
To eliminate this hunger directly would require sub-
stantial, though not unattainable, quantities of food.
If grain were delivered directly to the hungry, and only
to them, about 35.6 million metric tons would be enough
to eliminate hunger. This is less than 3% of the world's
1974 grain production...
However, this just points out that global redistribution would be
necessary and this is unrealistic since nations are separate and often
competing or conflicting political entities. Food aid is probably the
only attempt at global redistribution, though it is a weak attempt and
generally has other than altruistic motives.
It appears that a development strategy (or program) designed to
cope with the hunger issue which solely employs either changes in
agricultural technology or redistribution cannot effectively work to
feed hungry people much less create agricultural self-reliance and
self-sufficiency. If we assume that geopolitical boundaries are main-
tained (and a single world government is not created), then, most likely
a given ecology and environment delineated by political borders can
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/56/: accessed January 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.