Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 42
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"Green Revolution". Proponents of this view believe that with proper
technology, agricultural productivity can be increased in order to
deal with the problem of food scarcity in the underdeveloped world.
The other argument holds that because of structural problems,
food resources, land tenure and the means of production are improperly
distributed in the underdeveloped world. Furthermore, land is tied up
in mono-cash crop agriculture at the expense of subsistence agriculture.
Both of these arguments are concerned with the long-term solution to
the food and hunger issue and it is also interesting to note that
both arguments have in common one basic underlying assumption which
is best summarized by Lappe and Collins (1977: 7):
There is no such thing today as an absolute scar-
city. Every country in the world has the capacity
to feed itself.
However, one serious problem overrides this assumption; not all nations
appear actually to have a self-sufficient or self-reliant agricultural
capability, given ecological and environmental considerations with
respect to geo-political boundaries.
IMore specifically, with respect to the Green Revolution as a solu-
tion to the food and hunger issue, the associated agricultural tech-
nology used in a quest for increasing agricultural productivity has
been criticized as only furthering the problem of dependency. For
instance, it is pointed out that it creates the necessity for such
agribusiness products as fertilizers and pesticides which can only be
manufactured in countries having that particular industrial and scien-
tific capability. Furthermore, this dependency is even more compounded
by the fact that many of these agricultural products are petroleum-
based. However, as Cleaver (1972) points out, dependency is not the
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/55/: accessed April 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.