Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 39
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hunger will be provided. Then, a framework for examining the con-
sequences of food aid will be used to examine the official United States
food assistance program, PL-480 (Food For Peace), on the assumption that
it is relatively representative of all bilateral food aid programs
utilized throughout the world. In order to set PL-480 programs in their
proper perspective, a brief historical description of their evolution
will be included. Next, a brief synthesis of the literature which
criticizes these programs will be presented. This will be followed by
an ethnographical description of an on-going food aid program in a
developing country, Guatemala, in order to provide some insight into
food assistance at the local level. Finally, after having discussed
the socioeconomic and political consequences of food aid, its more
obvious aspect, nutrition, its policy implications and some related
comments will be discussed.
The Hunger Issue
Hunger is probably one of the most serious problems facing man-
kind presently. The hunger issue has severely threatened global
security and is a major factor in much of the civil unrest in the Third
World. Nearly all of these people live in the underdeveloped countries
of Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Near East (Reutlinger and
Selowsky 1976). Though most visible in these countries, hunger is not
only an issue in the underdeveloped world; but, if Bread for the
World'sl(BFW 1972) statistics are even nearly correct, then, there
are approximately 39 million "hungry" people in the United States alone
(almost 16 percent of the entire U. S. population).
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/52/: accessed February 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.