Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 36
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In conclusion, this chapter was intended to provide insight into
one of the primary concerns of this investigation, nutritional status,
in order that, eventually, a better understanding would be gained as to
how food aid and food aid programs might impact on nutritional status.
It was necessary to define nutritional status, however, in terms of
several key processes, including growth, genetics and disease. Nutri-
tional status was defined as the end result of the process of assimi-
lating the nutrients necessary for energy, growth, maintenance and
storage, which results in physical growth. As such, nutritional status
is measured in terms of physical growth. There were three primary
types of factors involved in growth discussed here: genetic, uterine
and environmental. It was noted that, generally, genetics determines
the growth potential of a given individual; however, the process of in
utero development could also determine somewhat the eventual outcome
of phenotypic expression as exhibited in growth, during the period from
conception until birth. After that, usually the nutritional enviroi-
ment determines how much of that growth potential will actually be
realized, although certainly disease and congenital factors play impor-
tant roles. As noted, there are numerous studies that demonstrate the
impact of the socioeconomic and sociocultural systems on the nutritional
status of an individual and a population. This chapter merely points
out the very complicated nature of nutrition and the resulting nutri-
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/49/: accessed February 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.