Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 33
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primary indirect variable in the determination of nutritional state
because of the fact that socioeconomics determines "buffering" capa-
bilities with respect to disease and other environmental stresses such
as climate, altitude, etc., through adequate food, clothing and shelter
(Berg 1973; Malina 1973). For example, in Guatemala, higher socio-
economic status permits the incorporation of animal proteins, fruits
and vegetables as daily staples into a diet which would otherwise con-
sist almost exclusively of corn tortillas and black beans. With im-
proved diet providing a higher quality of nutrition, an individual is
able to resist disease or tolerate environmental stresses. That is
to say than, if one has access to socioeconomic resources (i.e. money
and/or power), one can afford proper health and sanitation facilities,
housing and education, as well as food. Considering that socioeconomics
has an extensive impact on the adjustments which have to be made to the
other environmental variables, it must therefore be considered the
primary indirect influence on nutrition and growth.
Johnston et al. (1930) conducted an investigation of environmental
variables involved in stunting of growth of children in a Mexican
village (Oaxaca). There were seven components used in the analysis
which included socioeconomics, demography, maternal mass, paternal mass,
maternal linear, paternal linear and morbidity. They found that the
environmental variable, socioeconomics, could, in general, explain
successfully the population's growth process, and subsequent nutrition-
al status. Their socioeconomic component included data on the mother's
and father's educational level, food expenditure per family member,
family income, household sanitation and mother's and father's hygiene
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/46/: accessed July 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.