Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 27
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discussing malnutrition particularly, two forms are recognized:
chronic and acute. Chronic malnutrition, reflected best in height,
results from persistent, long-term deprivation of adequate nutritional
intake. On the other hand, an abrupt short-term disruption in the
level of nutrition is referred to as acute malnutrition, this being
especially sensitive in weight. (Generally, illness or natural catas-
trophe are the primary influences in acute states.) As discussed
earlier, certain growth, or nutritional, parameters are designed to
measure both chronic and acute malnutrition.
In summation, the above description defines the different methods
for measuring nutritional status which are most commonly used, particu-
larly in the field. These measurements and indices are designed to
identify either chronic or acute problems in the nutritional state,
and the realization of growth potential, of the individual or popula-
tion under investigation.
This discussion has pointed out briefly some of the complex inter-
actions of uterine influences, nutrition and genetics; interactions
which must be fully understood before one can separate out environmental
effects on growth in conducting an analysis. Finally, by measuring
growth in a given population according to suitable growth standards
which account for genetic potential, the investigator should be able
to demonstrate the extent to which the genetic potential for growth
at a given point in time has been realized; that is to say, how much
growth has been affected by thle environment. In essence, the genetic
and uterine effects must be ruled out or accounted for, before it
can be assumed that environment (nutrition) is at play in the rate
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/40/: accessed October 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.