Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 23
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individual. This number is then multiplied by 100 in order to give the
This index is the best method by which to measure chronic malnutri-
tion, particularly in a more global context. Jelliffe and Jelliffe
(1979) consider height-for-age to be the most reliable and dependable
indicator of nutritional status. Habicht and Butz (1979) state that
height is also the most sensitive to improvement in nutritional status,
producing the most statistically significant results. However, it
is age dependent and, if used alone, does not differentiate between
distant past and more recent episodes of chronic malnutrition. Another
good discussion can be found in Tanner (1966). It is calculated by
dividing the observed height of the measured individual by the height
which is standardized according to age, and, then, the result is
multiplied by 100, giving the percent normal of the individual's
[ ht /ht (according to age) ] X 100 = percent normal.
It has been argued by many (Waterlow 1972; Seonane and Latham
1971) that in order to obtain a more accurate perspective as to the
state of nutritional well-being of a given person or population,
weight-for-age, weight-for-height-for-age, weight-for-height-excluding
age and height-for-age should be considered in conjunction. The
first three parameters provide insight into the presence of acute
malnutrition, whereas height-for-age reveals the nature of chronic
malnutrition. Since the growth, or nutritional, standards to be used
in this study are those developed by the National Center for Health
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/36/: accessed March 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.