Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 20
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nutritional state of an individual, whereas weight, arm circumference
and fat-fold thickness represent more accurately the present nutritional
state. (See Jelliffe 1966; de Ville de Goyet et al. 1978; and Jelliffe
and Jelliffe 1979.) Also, fat-fold measures help point out in partic-
ular any calorie deficiency. Blood profiles present accurately the
nutritional content acd utilization at a given point in time, thus,
describing the present nutritional state as well.
There ate four major nutritional parameters or measures which
utilize the height, weight and age data in order to evaluate the
nutritional level of the measured children. These indices, in descrip-
tive terms, include: 1) weight-for-height-for-age, 2) weight-for-height-
excluding age, 3) weigilt-for-age, and 4) height-for-age. All of these
measures involve standardized heights and weights, either for age or
without respect to age. These standardized heights and weights are
based on extensive, world-wide data compiled by the National Center for
Health Statistics (NCHS 1976) and are widely accepted, currently being
used by INCAP and others (Habicht et al. 1974) for Guatemalan popula-
tions. The following is a brief description of each of these nutrition-
al measures, particularly those most commonly used in the field, and
their overall advantages and disadvantages and how each index is
This index of nutritional status is used for measuring both acute
and chronic malnutrition; acute referring to short-term (severe)
changes in nutritional status and chronic, long-term (persistent)
undernutrition. An excellent discussion of this measure,
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/33/: accessed April 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.