Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 19
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assimilating the nutritional intake necessary for growth to occur (i.e.
nutritional status). Therefore, in order to measure nutrition, it is
important to measure the quantity and quality of the ingested nutrients.
Generally, this is accomplished by conducting a twenty-four hour
dietary recall; that is, a record of what was eaten and how much. The
nutrient value of foods can be relatively determined from tables con-
structed through chemical assessment of locally available foods. For
example, LNCAP has developed tables of the nutrient values for foods
common to Central America (Flores et al. 1971). From the tables, the
amount of a nutrient per gram of a particular food item is determined
for each item listed in the recall and, then, a total value of the daily
intake is calculated for each nutrient. This daily value of total
nutrient intake is then compared to the minimal RDA (Recommended Daily
Allowance) which is applicable to nearly all persons and/or populations
(Passmore et al. 1974). This is done in order to determine the percent
of the adequacy of the diet. Knowledge of the daily nutrient intake
provides some insight as to the level of nutrition and, thus, points
out what types of deficiencies are occurring. This is helpful, as many
times marginal deficiencies do not produce overt clinical symptoms.
Once the level of nutrition has been examined, one must examine
how well the nutrients are being utilized; that is, the nutritional
status of the individual. Basically, there are five types of measure-
ments of nutritional status which involve measures of height, weight,
arm circumference, subcutaneous fat and blood profiles, as well as the
more common form, clinical assessment (i.e. "eye-balling"). Height,
referring more appropriately to stature, best reflects the long-term
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/32/: accessed July 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.