Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 5
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"People are voting with their feet against the unhealthy poverty of
the traditional village" by moving to the city, creating rapid urbani-
This investigation represents a partial test of the hypothesis of
biocultural disequilibrium as proposed by Johnston and Selby. The
data to be examined during the course of this study should provide at
least a rudimentary test of this theory since they were collected with
the intent to investigate and evaluate a form of social, economic and
nutritional intervention--an external input (food aid programs)--which
are designed to reverse or impede this "downward spiral" in nutri-
tional status in the underdeveloped world. The second question, pre-
sented earlier, that is, how the nutritional status of recipients is
affected by food aid and food aid programs, in essence establishes the
basis for an important and relevant additional hypothesis to be con-
sidered here: Food aid and food aid programs act to impede the
"spiraling effect" in malnutrition and, thus, the "downward spiral"
of the biocultural system (i.e. biocultural disequilibrium).
Guatemala, located in Central America, was the country selected
for investigation partially because of the previous experience of the
researchers involved with that country, but also because it provides
an excellent case in point since it has long established food programs
in operation. Furthermore, Guatemala is host to a nutrition research
institute, Instituto de Nutricion de Centro America z Panama (INCAP),
thus, adding to the availability of relevant data. INCAP is not only
committed to studying and evaluating the nutritional and health con-
ditions and situation in Central America and Panama, but also the
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/18/: accessed February 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.