Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 3
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And, finally, what are those people like who are involved in food pro-
grams? The ethnographic and empirical data used in this study are de-
signed specifically to deal with these issues.1
This study will also examine the following question: When food
aid does reach its target population, what effect or impact does it
have on the nutritional status of its recipients? Once food supple-
ments reach the needy, the primary and more important issue is whether
or not food aid and food aid programs are doing what they are supposed
to do, feed the undernourished, and, thus, improve their quality of
life. This question becomes particularly relevant when considering
the social, political and economic _ontext of Guatemala and its various
regions,because it is with this context that food aid programs have to
contend in order to deal successfully with the problems of hunger and
Furthermore, this question as to the impact of food aid on the
nutritional status of its recipients is relevant at another level of
inquiry. From a theoretical perspective, this study represents a
partial test of the theory of "biocultural disequilibrium" and eventual
bicultural breakdown and the contention that external inputs are
necessary to impede its progress, as proposed originally by Johnston
and Selby (1978) in their: Anthropology: the Biocultural View. Briefly,
this theory holds that there is a "biocultural system" which is com-
prised of three clusters: biology, culture and ecology. The way these
clusters integrate so as to provide solutions to the various problems
faced by each society is referred to as the "mode of biocultural inte-
gration." Johnston and Selby propose three modes of biocultural
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/16/: accessed January 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.