Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala Page: 87
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beans and corn tortillas, supplemented by coffee, sugar, dry white
cheese and such fruits as bananas. Other less important articles in
the diet are certain native vegetables, such as the guisquil, aposote
and pacaya, and wild greens and roots, such as ichintal, particularly
in the Indian diet.5 Meat tends to be more common in the Ladino diet.
The cost is prohibitive to most of the Indians because of their lower
Coffee production for the purposes of international export con-
tinues to dominate the economy of San Lucas Toliman. Because of the
very attractive environmental and climatic conditions of San Lucas,
coffee became the primary source of income for the local people. The
coffee industry, however, is still dominated by foreign investors of
non-Guatemalan orgins. As a result of the success of coffee, today
there are ten coffee fincas or plantations within the township's bound-
aries.6 The labor force of these fincas resides there year-round and
they are descendents of the earlier migrants from the other villages
along the lake (Farrell 1977). Probably the most important result of
this economic system of export, cash crop agriculture, is that is has
almost completely supplanted the previous economic system that was
Woods (1968) estimated that over 75 percent of the males in San
Lucas work in agriculture as a primary occupation, with most being at
least nominally involved in the production of coffee. Farrell (1977)
found that at least 42 percent of all male household heads have an
average of one acre planted in coffee. Therefore, the local economy
and income earnings are subject to fluctuations in the world market
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Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D. Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala, report, May 1982; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84342/m1/100/: accessed February 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.