An asixymmetric diffusion experiment for the determination of diffusion and sorption coefficients of rock samples

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Diffusion anisotropy is a critical property in predicting migration of substances in sedimentary formations with very low permeability. The diffusion anisotropy of sedimentary rocks has been evaluated mainly from laboratory diffusion experiments, in which the directional diffusivities are separately estimated by through-diffusion experiments using different rock samples, or concurrently by in-diffusion experiments in which only the tracer profile in a rock block is measured. To estimate the diffusion anisotropy from a single rock sample, this study proposes an axisymmetric diffusion test, in which tracer diffuses between a cylindrical rock sample and a surrounding solution reservoir. The tracer diffusion between the ... continued below

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Takeda, M.; Hiratsuka, T.; Ito, K. & Finsterle, S. February 1, 2011.

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Diffusion anisotropy is a critical property in predicting migration of substances in sedimentary formations with very low permeability. The diffusion anisotropy of sedimentary rocks has been evaluated mainly from laboratory diffusion experiments, in which the directional diffusivities are separately estimated by through-diffusion experiments using different rock samples, or concurrently by in-diffusion experiments in which only the tracer profile in a rock block is measured. To estimate the diffusion anisotropy from a single rock sample, this study proposes an axisymmetric diffusion test, in which tracer diffuses between a cylindrical rock sample and a surrounding solution reservoir. The tracer diffusion between the sample and reservoir can be monitored from the reservoir tracer concentrations, and the tracer profile could also be obtained after dismantling the sample. Semi-analytical solutions are derived for tracer concentrations in both the reservoir and sample, accounting for an anisotropic diffusion tensor of rank two as well as the dilution effects from sampling and replacement of reservoir solution. The transient and steady-state analyses were examined experimentally and numerically for different experimental configurations, but without the need for tracer profiling. These experimental configurations are tested for in- and out-diffusion experiments using Koetoi and Wakkanai mudstones and Shirahama sandstone, and are scrutinized by a numerical approach to identify favorable conditions for parameter estimation. The analysis reveals the difficulty in estimating diffusion anisotropy; test configurations are proposed for enhanced identifiability of diffusion anisotropy. Moreover, it is demonstrated that the axisymmetric diffusion test is efficient in obtaining the sorption parameter from both steady-state and transient data, and in determining the effective diffusion coefficient if isotropic diffusion is assumed. Moreover, measuring reservoir concentrations in an axisymmetric diffusion experiment coupled with tracer profiling may be a promising approach to estimate of diffusion anisotropy of sedimentary rocks.

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  • Journal Name: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology; Journal Volume: 123; Journal Issue: 3-4; Related Information: Journal Publication Date: 2011

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  • Report No.: LBNL-4347E
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jconhyd.2010.12.012 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1010934
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc843186

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  • February 1, 2011

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  • May 19, 2016, 3:16 p.m.

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  • June 15, 2016, 10:04 p.m.

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Takeda, M.; Hiratsuka, T.; Ito, K. & Finsterle, S. An asixymmetric diffusion experiment for the determination of diffusion and sorption coefficients of rock samples, article, February 1, 2011; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc843186/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.