Occupational Radiation Exposure at Commercial Nuclear Power Reactors and Other Facilities 2010, Prepared for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, May 2012 Page: 26 of 175
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Occupational Radiation Exposure at NRC Licensed Facilities
3,200 r N
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Average Annual Values for Industrial Radiography Licensees
the average measurable dose per individual for
both types of industrial radiography licensees
from 1994 through 2010. From 2009 to 2010,
there was a 12% decrease in the number of
individuals with measurable TEDE and a 2%
decrease in the collective TEDE. As shown
in Table 3.3, eight fewer temporary job site
radiography licensees reported in 2010 affecting
a decrease in both the number of individuals
with measurable TEDE and the collective
3.3.2 Manufacturing and Distribution
Licenses, Tipe 'A"Broad, Tipe "B"Broad,
Other, and Nuclear Pharmacies
Manufacturing and distribution (M&D) licenses
are issued to allow the manufacture and
distribution of radionuclides in various forms for
a number of diverse purposes. The products are
usually distributed to organizations/companies
specifically licensed by NRC. Type "A" Broad
licenses are issued to larger organizations that
may use many different radionuclides in many
different ways and that have a comprehensive
radiation protection program. Some Type "A"
Broad license firms are medical suppliers
that process, package, or distribute such
products as diagnostic test kits, radioactive
surgical implants, and tagged radiochemicals
for use in medical research, diagnosis, and
therapy. Type "B" Broad and Other licenses
are usually issued to smaller firms requiring
a more restrictive license. These firms are
suppliers of industrial radionuclides and are
involved in the processing, encapsulation,
packaging, and distribution of the radionuclides
that they have purchased in bulk quantities
from production reactors and cyclotrons.
Major products include gamma radiography
sources, cobalt irradiation sources, well-logging
sources, sealed sources for gauges and smoke
detectors, and radiochemicals for nonmedical
research. Nuclear pharmacies are involved in
the compounding and dispensing of radioactive
materials for use in nuclear medicine
Forty-Third Annual Report, 2010
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McCormick, D. E. Lewis D. A. Hagemeyer Y. U. Occupational Radiation Exposure at Commercial Nuclear Power Reactors and Other Facilities 2010, Prepared for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, May 2012, report, July 7, 2012; Oak Ridge, Tennessee. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc839694/m1/26/: accessed March 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.