Neutron Capture Gamma-Ray Libraries for Nuclear Applications

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The neutron capture reaction is useful in identifying and analyzing the gamma-ray spectrum from an unknown assembly as it gives unambiguous information on its composition. this can be done passively or actively where an external neutron source is used to probe an unknown assembly. There are known capture gamma-ray data gaps in the ENDF libraries used by transport codes for various nuclear applications. The Evaluated Gamma-ray Activation file (EGAF) is a new thermal neutron capture database of discrete line spectra and cross sections for over 260 isotopes that was developed as part of an IAEA Coordinated Research project. EGAF is ... continued below

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Sleaford, B W; Firestone, R B; Summers, N; Escher, J; Hurst, A; Krticka, M et al. November 4, 2010.

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The neutron capture reaction is useful in identifying and analyzing the gamma-ray spectrum from an unknown assembly as it gives unambiguous information on its composition. this can be done passively or actively where an external neutron source is used to probe an unknown assembly. There are known capture gamma-ray data gaps in the ENDF libraries used by transport codes for various nuclear applications. The Evaluated Gamma-ray Activation file (EGAF) is a new thermal neutron capture database of discrete line spectra and cross sections for over 260 isotopes that was developed as part of an IAEA Coordinated Research project. EGAF is being used to improve the capture gamma production in ENDF libraries. For medium to heavy nuclei the quasi continuum contribution to the gamma cascades is not experimentally resolved. The continuum contains up to 90% of all the decay energy and is modeled here with the statistical nuclear structure code DICEBOX. This code also provides a consistency check of the level scheme nuclear structure evaluation. The calculated continuum is of sufficient accuracy to include in the ENDF libraries. This analysis also determines new total thermal capture cross sections and provides an improved RIPL database. For higher energy neutron capture there is less experimental data available making benchmarking of the modeling codes more difficult. They are investigating the capture spectra from higher energy neutrons experimentally using surrogate reactions and modeling this with Hauser-Feshbach codes. This can then be used to benchmark CASINO, a version of DICEBOX modified for neutron capture at higher energy. This can be used to simulate spectra from neutron capture at incident neutron energies up to 20 MeV to improve the gamma-ray spectrum in neutron data libraries used for transport modeling of unknown assemblies.

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PDF-file: 9 pages; size: 1.2 Mbytes

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  • Presented at: UBC 2010, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, Jul 31 - Aug 04, 2010

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  • Report No.: LLNL-CONF-462043
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1016305
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc839544

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  • November 4, 2010

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  • May 19, 2016, 3:16 p.m.

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  • Nov. 30, 2016, 12:42 p.m.

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Sleaford, B W; Firestone, R B; Summers, N; Escher, J; Hurst, A; Krticka, M et al. Neutron Capture Gamma-Ray Libraries for Nuclear Applications, article, November 4, 2010; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc839544/: accessed November 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.