X-ray Measurements of a Thermo Scientific P385 DD Neutron Generator

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Idaho National Laboratory is experimenting with electrical neutron generators, as potential replacements for californium-252 radioisotopic neutron sources in its PINS prompt gamma-ray neutron activation analysis (PGNAA) system for the identification of military chemical warfare agents and explosives. In addition to neutron output, we have recently measured the x-ray output of the Thermo Scientific P385 deuterium-deuterium neutron generator. X-rays are a normal byproduct from a neutron generator and depending on their intensity and energy they can interfere with gamma rays from the object under test, increase gamma-spectrometer dead time, and reduce PGNAA system throughput. The P385 x-ray energy spectrum was measured ... continued below

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Seabury, E.H.; Chichester, D.L.; Caffrey, A.J.; Simpson, J.; Lemchak, M. & Wharton, C.J. August 1, 2001.

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Idaho National Laboratory is experimenting with electrical neutron generators, as potential replacements for californium-252 radioisotopic neutron sources in its PINS prompt gamma-ray neutron activation analysis (PGNAA) system for the identification of military chemical warfare agents and explosives. In addition to neutron output, we have recently measured the x-ray output of the Thermo Scientific P385 deuterium-deuterium neutron generator. X-rays are a normal byproduct from a neutron generator and depending on their intensity and energy they can interfere with gamma rays from the object under test, increase gamma-spectrometer dead time, and reduce PGNAA system throughput. The P385 x-ray energy spectrum was measured with a high-purity germanium (HPGe) detector, and a broad peak is evident at about 70 keV. To identify the source of the x-rays within the neutron generator assembly, it was scanned by collimated scintillation detectors along its long axis. At the strongest x-ray emission points, the generator also was rotated 60° between measurements. The scans show the primary source of x-ray emission from the P385 neutron generator is an area 60 mm from the neutron production target, in the vicinity of the ion source. Rotation of the neutron generator did not significantly alter the x-ray count rate, and the x-ray emission appears to be axially symmetric within the neutron generator.

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  • Conference on the Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry (CAARI),Fort Worth, TX,08/08/2010,08/13/2010

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  • Report No.: INL/CON-10-19536
  • Grant Number: DE-AC07-05ID14517
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1004242
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc837623

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • August 1, 2001

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  • May 19, 2016, 3:16 p.m.

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  • Dec. 9, 2016, 9 p.m.

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Seabury, E.H.; Chichester, D.L.; Caffrey, A.J.; Simpson, J.; Lemchak, M. & Wharton, C.J. X-ray Measurements of a Thermo Scientific P385 DD Neutron Generator, article, August 1, 2001; Idaho Falls, Idaho. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc837623/: accessed November 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.