Decontamination Processes for Restorative Operations and as a Precursor to Decommissioning: A Literature Review

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Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) conducted an comprehensive literature review of actual reactor decontamination processes that are currently available. In general, any decontamination process should be based on the following criteria: effectiveness, efficiency, safety, and waste production. The information that was collected and analyzed has been divided into three major categories of decontamination: chemical, mechanical, and electrochemical. Chemical methods can be further classified as either low-concentration, singlestep processes or high-concentration, single- or multistep processes. Numerous chemical decontamination methods are detailed. Mechanical decontamination methods are usually restricted to the removal of a contaminated surface layer, whlch limits their versatility; several mechanical decontamination ... continued below

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Nelson, J. L. & Divine, J. R. May 1, 1981.

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Description

Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) conducted an comprehensive literature review of actual reactor decontamination processes that are currently available. In general, any decontamination process should be based on the following criteria: effectiveness, efficiency, safety, and waste production. The information that was collected and analyzed has been divided into three major categories of decontamination: chemical, mechanical, and electrochemical. Chemical methods can be further classified as either low-concentration, singlestep processes or high-concentration, single- or multistep processes. Numerous chemical decontamination methods are detailed. Mechanical decontamination methods are usually restricted to the removal of a contaminated surface layer, whlch limits their versatility; several mechanical decontamination methods are described. Electrochemical decontamination. is both fast and easily controlled, and numerous processes that have been used in industry for many years are discussed. Information obtained from this work is tabulated in Appendix A for easy access, and a bibliography and a glossary have been provided.

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  • Report No.: PNL-3706
  • Report No.: NUREG/CR-1915
  • Grant Number: DE-AC06-76RL01830
  • DOI: 10.2172/1080179 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1080179
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc836837

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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Creation Date

  • May 1, 1981

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • May 19, 2016, 9:45 a.m.

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  • June 3, 2016, 1:43 p.m.

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Nelson, J. L. & Divine, J. R. Decontamination Processes for Restorative Operations and as a Precursor to Decommissioning: A Literature Review, report, May 1, 1981; Richland, Washington. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc836837/: accessed October 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.